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Home wifi setup

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Overview

Our home WiFi is the primary way that we access the internet but it is surprising how insecure some WiFi routers come out of the box. There are three things we need to do to ensure the security of our WiFi boxes and therefore help protect all of the family devices that connect to it. These are change default WiFi password, select security level and setup automatic software updates.

Time required: 45 - 60mins

Difficulty: Medium

Software/hardware costs: £0

HOW-TO VIDEO TUTORIAL

Follow the instructions in the video below step by step. If you prefer written instructions, these can be found below.

Things to do

  • 1. Set default & admin WiFi passwords.

  • 2. Select WPA2 security level.

  • 3. Setup automatic software updates.

DETAILED HOW-TO INSTRUCTIONS

How-To Instructions

ONE. Set default & admin WiFi passwords.

a. Find your router’s IP Address. We use our router’s IP address to access our it’s settings. To find out the router IP address try one of the following two methods;

  • macOS: check the exterior of your physical router to see of it tells you the router’s IP address or how to log on to it. If this doesn’t turn up anything then;
    • Go to Launchpad > System Preferences > Network > WiFi > Advanced > TCP/IP, it’s the IP address against “Router”. Jot it down.
  • Windows: check the exterior of your physical router to see of it tells you the router’s IP address or how to log on to it, or;
    • Open Command Prompt and type “ipconfig” and press enter. It’s the IP address against “Default Gateway”. Jot it down.

b. Type this IP address into your web browser to log on to your router.

c. Go to the router settings and change your default WiFi and admin passwords. Write these down and store safely somewhere at home.

d. Update the WiFi passwords for the devices connected to your home WiFi network.

TWO. Select WPA2 security level.

a. When logged in to your router, browse the settings and find the ‘Security’ section.

b. Check that the WiFi Protocol selected is one called ‘WPA2’.

c. If WPA2 is not an option select ‘WPA’ (Wi-Fi Protected Access). WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is not secure at all – never select this.

If you only have WEP available then buy a new router because people use hacking tools to access your devices via your WiFi.

THREE. Setup automatic software updates.

a. Also in the router settings it should allow you to check for ‘software/firmware updates’. Click the button that performs software/firmware update.

b. If the option is available, select to automatically install software/firmware updates.

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